- Livestock feed: Wine grape pomace is a rich source of protein and other nutrients, making it a good feed for livestock. It is also often used as a supplement to other feed sources.
- Composting: Wine grape pomace can be added to a compost pile to provide a source of organic matter and nutrients for plants.
- Biogas production: Wine grape pomace can be used as a feedstock for the production of biogas, which is a renewable energy source that is produced by the breakdown of organic matter in the absence of oxygen.
- Distillation: Wine grape pomace can be distilled to produce a grape marc brandy or grappa, which is a strong, clear spirit that is similar to cognac.
- Vermiculture: Wine grape pomace can be used as a substrate for red worm composting, which is a method of using red worms to break down organic matter into a nutrient-rich soil amendment.
- Cosmetics and skincare: Wine grape pomace contains antioxidants and polyphenols that can be extracted and used in cosmetics and skincare products.
- Food industry: Wine grape pomace can be used as a source of fiber and antioxidants in food products, such as breads, crackers, and breakfast cereals.
It is important to note that the use of wine grape pomace depends on the quality of the pomace, as well as local regulations and the specific application. Some processes might require a treatment or a certain treatment of the pomace before being used.